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நிறுவன பெயரின் முதல் சில எழுத்துக்களை நிரப்பி 'கோ' பட்டனை கிளிக் செய்யவும்

Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. நிறுவனத்தின் கணக்கியல் கொள்கைகள்

Mar 31, 2017

Basis for preparation: The Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (“Act”) read with Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015; and the other relevant provisions of the Act and Rules thereunder.

The Financial Statements have been prepared under historical cost convention basis, except for certain assets and liabilities measured at fair value.

The Corporation has adopted all the Ind AS and the adoption was carried out in accordance with Ind AS 101 First time adoption of Indian Accounting Standards. The transition was carried out from Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) as prescribed under Section 133 of the Act, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, which was the “Previous GAAP”.

The Corporation’s presentation and functional currency is Indian Rupees (Rs.). All figures appearing in the financial statements are rounded to the nearest Crores (Rs. Crores), except where otherwise indicated.

Authorisation of Financial Statements: The Financial Statements were authorized for issue in accordance with a resolution of the Board of Directors in its meeting held on 29th May 2017.

1.1. Use of Judgement and Estimates

The preparation of the Corporation’s financial statements requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, assets, liabilities and the accompanying disclosures along with contingent liabilities. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that require material adjustments to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities affected in future periods. The Corporation continually evaluates these estimates and assumptions based on the most recently available information.

In particular, information about significant areas of estimates and judgments in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the financial statements are as below:

- Assessment of functional currency;

- Financial instruments;

- Estimates of useful lives and residual value of Property, Plant and Equipment and intangible assets;

- Valuation of inventories;

- Measurement of recoverable amounts of cash-generating units;

- Measurement of Defined Benefit Obligations and actuarial assumptions;

- Provisions;

- Evaluation of recoverability of deferred tax assets; and

- Contingencies.

Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized prospectively in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the estimates are revised and in any future periods affected.

1.2. Property, Plant and Equipment

1.2.1. Property, Plant and Equipment are stated at cost net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

1.2.2. The initial cost of an asset comprises its purchase price or construction cost (including import duties and non-refundable taxes), any costs directly attributable to bringing the asset into the location and condition necessary for it to be capable of operating in the manner intended by management, the initial estimate of any decommissioning obligation, if any, and borrowing cost for qualifying assets (i.e. assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use).

1.2.3. Expenditure during construction period: Direct expenses incurred during construction period on capital projects are capitalized. Other expenses of the project group which are allocated to projects costing above a threshold limit are also capitalized. Expenditure incurred during construction period on projects like electricity transmission lines, roads, culverts etc. the ownership of which is not with the Corporation are charged to revenue in the accounting period of incurrence of such expenditure.

1.2.4. Subsequent expenditure is capitalized only if it is probable that the future economic benefits associated with the expenditure will flow to the Corporation.

1.2.5. Expenditure on assets, other than plant and machinery, LPG cylinders and pressure regulators, not exceeding threshold limit are charged to revenue.

1.2.6. Spare parts which meet the definition of Property, Plant and Equipment are capitalized as Property, Plant and Equipment in case the unit value of the spare part is above the threshold limit. In other cases, the spare part is inventorised on procurement and charged to Statement of Profit and Loss on consumption.

1.2.7. An item of Property, Plant and Equipment and any significant part initially recognised separately as part of Property, Plant and Equipment is derecognised upon disposal; or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. Any gain or loss arising on de-recognition of the asset is included in the Statement of Profit and Loss when the asset is derecognised.

1.2.8. The residual values and useful lives of Property, Plant and Equipment are reviewed at each financial year end and changes, if any, are accounted in the line with revisions to accounting estimates.

1.2.9. The Corporation has elected to use the exemption available under Ind AS 101 to continue the carrying value for all of its Property, Plant and Equipment as recognised in the financial statements as at the date of transition to Ind AS, measured as per the previous GAAP and use that as its deemed cost as at the date of transition (1st April 2015).

1.3. Depreciation

Depreciation on Property, Plant and Equipment are provided on the straight line basis, over the estimated useful lives of assets (after retaining the estimated residual value of upto 5%). These useful lives determined are in line with the useful lives as prescribed in the Schedule II of the Act, except in following cases:

1.3.1. Plant & Machinery at Retail Outlets (other than Storage tanks and related equipments) are depreciated over a useful life of 15 years based on the technical assessment.

1.3.2. Computer equipments are depreciated over a period of 4 years and Mobile phones are depreciated over a period of 2 years based on internal assessment. Apart from the above, Furniture provided to management staff is depreciated over a period of 6 years (previously 7 years) as per internal assessment.

1.3.3. Solar Panels are depreciated over a period of 25 years based on the technical assessment of useful life and applicable warranty conditions.

1.3.4. Moulds, used for the manufacturing of the packaging material for Lubricants, are depreciated over a period of 5 years based on technical assessment of useful life.

1.3.5. Items of Property, Plant and Equipment costing not more than the threshold limit are depreciated at 100 percent in the year of acquisition except LPG Cylinders and Pressure Regulators which are depreciated over a useful life of 15 years based on the technical assessment.

1.3.6. Components of the main asset that are significant in value and have different useful lives as compared to the main asset are depreciated over their estimated useful life. Useful life of such components has been assessed based on historical experience and internal technical assessment.

1.3.7. Depreciation on spare parts specific to an item of Property, Plant and Equipment is based on life of the related Property, Plant and Equipment. In other cases, the spare parts are depreciated over their estimated useful life based on the technical assessment.

1.3.8. Depreciation is charged on additions / deletions on pro-rata monthly basis including the month of addition/ deletion.

1.4. Intangible Assets

1.4.1. Intangible assets are carried at cost net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Expenditure on internally generated intangibles, excluding development costs, are not capitalized and is reflected in Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the expenditure is incurred. Development costs are capitalized if, and only if, technical and commercial feasibility of the project is demonstrated, future economic benefits are probable, the Corporation has an intention and ability to complete and use or sell the asset and the costs can be measured reliably.

1.4.2. Assets where entire output generated is committed to be sold to entities providing public services for almost entire useful life of the asset are classified as intangible assets as per the requirements of Ind AS 11 and are amortized (after retaining the residual value, if applicable) over their useful life or the period of the agreement, whichever is lower.

1.4.3. In cases where the Corporation has constructed assets on behalf of public infrastructure entities and the Corporation has only a preferential right to use, these assets are classified as intangible assets and are amortized (after retaining the residual value, if applicable) over their useful life or the period of the agreement, whichever is lower.

1.4.4. Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives, such as right of way which is perpetual and absolute in nature, are not amortized, but are tested for impairment annually. The useful lives are reviewed at each period to determine whether events and circumstances continue to support an indefinite useful life assessment for that asset. If not, the change in useful life from indefinite to finite is made on a prospective basis. The impairment losses on intangible assets with indefinite life is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.4.5. Expenditure incurred for creating / acquiring other intangible assets above threshold limit from which future economic benefits will flow over a period of time, is amortized over the estimated useful life of the asset or five years, whichever is lower, on a straight line basis, from the time the intangible asset starts providing the economic benefit. In other cases, the expenditure is reflected in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which the expenditure is incurred. The amortization period and the amortization method for an intangible asset with a finite life are reviewed at each year end. The amortization expense on intangible asset with finite useful lives and impairment losses in case there is an indication that the intangible asset may be impaired, is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.4.6. The Corporation has elected to use the exemption available under Ind AS 101 to continue the carrying value for all of its intangible assets as recognised in the financial statements as at the date of transition to Ind AS, measured as per the previous GAAP and use that as its deemed cost as at the date of transition (1st April 2015).

1.5. Investment Property

1.5.1. Investment property is property (land or a building — or part of a building — or both) held either to earn rental income or for capital appreciation or for both, but not for sale in the ordinary course of business, use in production or supply of goods or services or for administrative purposes. Investment properties are stated at cost net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

1.5.2. Any gain or loss on disposal of investment property calculated as the difference between the net proceeds from disposal and the carrying amount of the Investment Property is recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.5.3. On transition to Ind AS i.e 1st April 2015, the Corporation has re-classified certain items from Property, Plant and Equipment to investment property. For the same, Corporation has elected to use the exemption available under Ind AS 101 to continue the carrying value for such assets as recognised in the financial statements as at the date of transition to Ind AS, measured as per the previous GAAP and use that as its deemed cost as at the date of transition (1st April 2015).

1.6. Borrowing costs

1.6.1. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs incurred in connection with the borrowing of funds. Borrowing costs also include exchange differences to the extent regarded as an adjustment to the borrowing costs.

1.6.2. Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets (i.e. an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use) are capitalized as a part of the cost of such assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.6.3. Investment Income earned on the temporary investment of funds of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalization.

1.7. Non-currents assets held for sale

1.7.1. Non-current assets are classified as held for sale if their carrying amounts will be recovered through a sale transaction rather than through continuing use. This condition is regarded as met only when the sale is highly probable and the asset is available for immediate sale in its present condition subject only to terms that are usual and customary for sale of such assets.

1.7.2. Non-current assets classified as held for sale are measured at the lower of carrying amount and fair value less costs to sell.

1.7.3. Property, Plant and Equipment and intangible assets classified as held for sale are not depreciated or amortized.

1.8. Leases

1.8.1. Finance Lease

Lease Agreements are classified as finance leases, if substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of the leased asset is transferred to the lessee.

Lease Agreements in respect of land for lease period above threshold limit are classified as a finance lease.

1.8.2. Operating Lease

Lease Agreements which are not classified as finance leases are considered as operating lease. Payments made under operating leases are recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss with reference to lease terms and other relevant considerations. Lease incentives received / lease premium paid (if any) are recognised as an integral part of the total lease expense, over the term of the lease. Payments made under Operating Leases are generally recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease, unless such payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation.

1.8.3. At the inception of an arrangement, the Corporation determines whether the arrangement is or contains a lease. At inception or on reassessment of an arrangement that contains a lease, the Corporation separates payments and other consideration required by the arrangement into those for the lease and those for other elements on the basis of their relative fair values. In case of a finance lease, if the corporation concludes that it is impracticable to separate the payments reliably, then an asset and a liability are recognised at an amount equal to the fair value of the underlying assets; subsequently, the liability is reduced as payments are made and an imputed finance cost on the liability is recognised using the Corporation’s incremental borrowing rate.

1.9. Impairment of Non-financial Assets

1.9.1. Non-financial assets other than inventories, deferred tax assets and non-current assets classified as held for sale are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Corporation estimates the asset’s recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the asset’s or Cash-Generating Units (CGU) fair value less costs of disposal and its value in use. Recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets.

1.9.2. When the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount.

1.10. Inventories

1.10.1. Inventories are stated at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost of inventories comprises of expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing inventories to their present location including appropriate overheads apportioned on a reasonable and consistent basis and are determined on the following basis:

- Crude oil, traded goods and finished products other than lubricants are determined on First in First out basis.

- Other raw materials, packages, lubricants and stores and spares are determined on weighted average basis.

- The cost of Stock-in-Process is determined at raw material cost plus cost of conversion.

1.10.2. Customs duty on Raw materials/Finished goods lying in bonded warehouse are provided for at the applicable rates except where liability to pay duty is transferred to consignee.

1.10.3. Excise duty on finished stocks lying at manufacturing locations is provided for at the assessable value applicable at each of the locations based on end use.

1.10.4. The net realisable value of finished goods and stock in trade are based on the inter-company transfer prices and final selling prices (applicable at the location of stock) for sale to oil marketing companies and retail consumers respectively. For the purpose of stock valuation, the proportion of sales to oil marketing companies and retail consumers are determined on all India basis and considered for stock valuation at all locations.

1.10.5. Raw Materials held for use in the production of finished goods are not written down below cost except in cases where raw material prices have declined and it is estimated that the cost of the finished goods will exceed their net realisable value.

1.10.6.Obsolete, slow moving, surplus and defective stocks are identified at the time of physical verification of stocks and where necessary, provision is made for such stocks.

1.11. Revenue Recognition

1.11.1. Sale of goods

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, the Corporation retains neither continuing managerial involvement to the degree usually associated with ownership nor effective control over the goods sold, revenue and the associated costs can be estimated reliably and it is probable that economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the Corporation.

Revenue from the sale of goods includes excise duty and is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable (after including fair value allocations related to multiple deliverable and/or linked arrangements), net of returns, taxes or duties collected on behalf of the Government and applicable trade discounts or rebates.

Revenue is allocated between loyalty programmes and other components of the sale. The amount allocated to the loyalty programme is deferred, and is recognised as revenue when the Corporation has fulfilled its obligation to supply the products under the terms of the programme or when it is no longer probable that the points under the programme will be redeemed.

Where the Corporation acts as an agent on behalf of a third party, the associated income is recognised on a net basis.

Claims in respect of subsidy on LPG and SKO from Government of India are booked on in principle acceptance thereof on the basis of available instructions / clarifications, subject to final adjustments as stipulated.

1.11.2. Construction contracts

Revenue from Construction contracts arise from the service concession arrangements entered into by the Corporation and certain arrangements involving construction of specific assets as part of multiple deliverable arrangements.

Contract revenue includes the amount agreed in the contract to the extent that it is probable that they will result in revenue and can be measured reliably.

If the outcome of the construction contract can be estimated reliably, then contract revenue is recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss in proportion to the stage of completion of the contract. The stage of completion is assessed with reference to the proportion of actual cost incurred as compared to the total estimated cost of the related contract. Otherwise contract revenue is recognised only to the extent of contract costs incurred that are likely to be recoverable.

Contract expenses are recognised as incurred unless they create an asset relating to future contract activity. An expected loss on a contract is recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.11.3. Interest income is recognised using effective interest rate (EIR) method.

1.11.4. Dividend is recognised when right to receive the payment is established, it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the dividend will flow to the entity and the amount of dividend can be measured reliably.

1.11.5. Income from sale of scrap is accounted for on realisation.

1.11.6. Claims other than subsidy claims on LPG and SKO from Government of India are booked when there is a reasonable certainty of recovery.

1.12. Classification of Income / Expenses

1.12.1. Income / expenditure (net) in aggregate pertaining to prior year(s) above the threshold limit are corrected retrospectively in the first set of financial statements approved for issue after their discovery by restating the comparative amounts and / or restating the opening Balance Sheet for the earliest prior period presented.

1.12.2. Prepaid expenses upto threshold limit in each case, are charged to revenue as and when incurred.

1.12.3. Deposits placed with Government agencies / local authorities which are perpetual in nature are charged to revenue in the year of payment.

1.13. Employee Benefits

1.13.1. Short-term employee benefits

Short-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at an undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related services are rendered.

1.13.2. Post-employment benefits Defined Contribution Plans:

Obligations for contributions to defined contribution plans such as pension are recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss as the related service is provided. Prepaid contributions are recognised as an asset to the extent that a cash refund or a refund in future payments is available. Defined Benefit Plans:

The Corporation’s net obligation in respect of defined benefit plans such as gratuity, other postemployment benefits etc., is calculated separately for each plan by estimating the amount of future benefit that the employees have earned in the current and prior periods, discounting that amount and deducting the fair value of any plan assets.

The calculation of defined benefit obligation is performed at each reporting period end by a qualified actuary using the projected unit credit method. When the calculation results in a potential asset for the Corporation, the recognised asset is limited to the present value of the economic benefits available in the form of any future refunds from the plan or reductions in future contributions to the plan.

The current service cost of the defined benefit plan, recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss as part of employee benefit expense, reflects the increase in the defined benefit obligation resulting from employee service in the current year, benefit changes, curtailments and settlements. Past service costs are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The net interest is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net balance of the defined benefit obligation and the fair value of plan assets. This net interest is included in employee benefit expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Re-measurements which comprise of actuarial gains and losses, the return on plan assets (excluding amounts included in the net interest on the net defined benefit liability (asset)) and the effect of the asset ceiling (if any, excluding amounts included in the net interest on the net defined benefit liability (asset)), are recognised in other comprehensive income.

1.13.3. Other long-term employee benefits

Liability towards other long term employee benefits - leave encashment and long service awards etc., are determined on actuarial valuation by qualified actuary by using Projected Unit Credit method.

The current service cost of other long term employee benefits, recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss as part of employee benefit expense, reflects the increase in the obligation resulting from employee service in the current year, benefit changes, curtailments and settlements. Past service costs are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The interest cost is calculated by applying the discount rate to the balance of the obligation. This cost is included in employee benefit expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Re-measurements are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.13.4. Termination benefits

Expenditure on account of Voluntary Retirement Scheme are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

1.14. Foreign Currency Transactions

1.14.1. Monetary items:

Transactions in foreign currencies are initially recorded at their respective exchange rates at the date the transaction first qualifies for recognition.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated at exchange rates prevailing on the reporting date.

Exchange differences arising on settlement or translation of monetary items (except for long term foreign currency monetary items outstanding as of 31st March 2016) are recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss either as profit or loss on foreign currency transaction and translation or as borrowing costs to the extent regarded as an adjustment to borrowing costs.

The Corporation has elected to continue the policy adopted under previous GAAP for accounting the foreign exchange differences arising on settlement or translation of long-term foreign currency monetary items outstanding as of 31st March 2016 i.e. foreign exchange differences arising on settlement or translation of long-term foreign currency monetary items relating to acquisition of depreciable assets are adjusted to the carrying cost of the assets and depreciated over the balance life of the asset and in other cases, if any, accumulated in “Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account” and amortized over the balance period of the liability.

1.14.2. Non - Monetary items:

Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the dates of the initial transactions.

1.15. Investment in Subsidiaries, Joint Ventures and Associates

Investments in equity shares of Subsidiaries, Joint Ventures and Associates are recorded at cost and reviewed for impairment at each reporting date.

1.16. Government Grants

1.16.1. Government grants are recognized where there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and all attached conditions will be complied with.

1.16.2. When the grant relates to an expense item, it is recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss on a systematic basis over the periods that the related costs, for which it is intended to compensate, are expensed.

1.16.3. Government grants relating to Property, Plant and Equipment are presented as deferred income and are credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a systematic and rational basis over the useful life of the asset.

1.17. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Capital Commitments

1.17.1. Provisions are recognized when there is a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

1.17.2. The expenses relating to a provision is presented in the Statement of Profit and Loss net of reimbursements, if any.

1.17.3. If the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are discounted using a current pre-tax rate that reflects, when appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. When discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as a finance cost.

1.17.4. Contingent liabilities are possible obligations whose existence will only be confirmed by future events not wholly within the control of the Corporation, or present obligations where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required or the amount of the obligation cannot be measured with sufficient reliability.

1.17.5. Contingent liabilities are not recognized in the financial statements but are disclosed unless the possibility of an outflow of economic resources is considered remote.

1.17.6. Contingent Liabilities and Capital Commitments disclosed are in respect of items which in each case are above the threshold limit.

1.18. Fair Value measurement

1.18.1. The Corporation measures certain financial instruments at fair value at each reporting date.

1.18.2. Certain accounting policies and disclosures require the measurement of fair values, for both financial and nonfinancial assets and liabilities.

1.18.3. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date in the principal or, in its absence, the most advantageous market to which the Corporation has access at that date. The fair value of a liability also reflects its non-performance risk.

1.18.4. The best estimate of the fair value of a financial instrument on initial recognition is normally the transaction price - i.e. the fair value of the consideration given or received. If the Corporation determines that the fair value on initial recognition differs from the transaction price and the fair value is evidenced neither by a quoted price in an active market for an identical asset or liability nor based on a valuation technique that uses only data from observable markets, then the financial instrument is initially measured at fair value, adjusted to defer the difference between the fair value on initial recognition and the transaction price. Subsequently that difference is recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss on an appropriate basis over the life of the instrument but no later than when the valuation is wholly supported by observable market data or the transaction is closed out.

1.18.5. While measuring the fair value of an asset or liability, the Corporation uses observable market data as far as possible. Fair values are categorised into different levels in a fair value hierarchy based on the inputs used in the valuation technique as follows:

- Level 1: quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

- Level 2: inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the assets or liability, either directly (i.e. as prices) or indirectly (i.e. derived from prices).

- Level 3: inputs for the assets or liability that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs).

1.18.6. When quoted price in active market for an instrument is available, the Corporation measures the fair value of the instrument using that price. A market is regarded as active if transactions for the asset or liability take place with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.

1.18.7. I f there is no quoted price in an active market, then the Corporation uses a valuation technique that maximises the use of relevant observable inputs and minimises the use of unobservable inputs. The chosen valuation technique incorporates all of the factors that market participants would take into account in pricing a transaction.

1.18.8. The Corporation regularly reviews significant unobservable inputs and valuation adjustments. If the third party information, such as broker quotes or pricing services, is used to measure fair values, then the Corporation assesses the evidence obtained from the third parties to support the conclusion that these valuations meet the requirements of Ind AS, including the level in the fair value hierarchy in which the valuations should be classified.

1.19. Financial Assets

1.19.1. Initial recognition and measurement

Trade Receivables and debt securities issued are initially recognised when they are originated. All other financial assets are initially recognised when the Corporation becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument. All financial assets other than those measured subsequently at fair value through profit and loss, are recognised initially at fair value plus transaction costs that are attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset.

1.19.2. Subsequent measurement

Subsequent measurement is determined with reference to the classification of the respective financial assets. Based on the business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial asset, the Corporation classifies financial assets as subsequently measured at amortized cost, fair value through other comprehensive income or fair value through profit and loss.

Debt instruments at amortized cost

A ‘debt instrument’ is measured at the amortized cost if both the following conditions are met:

The asset is held within a business model whose objective is:

- To hold assets for collecting contractual cash flows, and

- Contractual terms of the asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest (SPPI) on the principal amount outstanding.

After initial measurement, such financial assets are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest rate (EIR) method. Amortised cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortization is included in finance income in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The losses arising from impairment are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Debt instruments at Fair Value through Other Comprehensive Income (FVOCI)

A ‘debt instrument’ is measured at the fair value through Other Comprehensive Income if both the following conditions are met:

The asset is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both:

- collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and

- contractual terms of the asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are SPPI on the principal amount outstanding.

After initial measurement, these assets are subsequently measured at fair value. Interest income under effective interest method, foreign exchange gains and losses and impairment losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Other net gains and losses are recognised in other comprehensive Income. Debt instruments at Fair Value through Profit or Loss (FVTPL)

Fair Value through Profit or Loss is a residual category for debt instruments. Any debt instrument, which does not meet the criteria for categorisation at amortized cost or as FVOCI, is classified as FVTPL.

After initial measurement, any fair value changes including any interest income, foreign exchange gain and losses, impairment losses and other net gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Equity investments

All equity investments within the scope of Ind-AS 109 are measured at fair value. Such equity instruments which are held for trading are classified as FVTPL. For all other such equity instruments, the Corporation decides to classify the same either as FVOCI or FVTPL. The Corporation makes such election on an instrument-by-instrument basis. The classification is made on initial recognition and is irrevocable.

For equity instruments classified as FVOCI, all fair value changes on the instrument, excluding dividends, are recognized in Other Comprehensive Income. Dividends on such equity instruments are recognised in the Statement of Profit or Loss.

Equity instruments included within the FVTPL category are measured at fair value with all changes recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.19.3. De-recognition

A financial asset (or, where applicable, a part of a financial asset or part of a group of similar financial assets) is primarily derecognised (i.e. removed from the Corporation’s Balance Sheet) when-The rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired, or

The Corporation has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the asset or has assumed an obligation to pay the received cash flows in full without material delay to a third party under a ‘passthrough’ arrangement; and either:

- The Corporation has transferred substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, or

- The Corporation has neither transferred nor retained substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, but has transferred control of the asset.

On de-recognition, any gains or losses on all debt instruments (other than debt instruments measured at FVOCI) and equity instruments (measured at FVTPL) are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Gains and losses in respect of debt instruments measured at FVOCI and that are accumulated in OCI are reclassified to profit or loss on de-recognition. Gains or losses on equity instruments measured at FVOCI that are recognised and accumulated in OCI are not reclassified to profit or loss on de-recognition.

1.19.4. Impairment of financial assets

I n accordance with Ind-AS 109, the Corporation applies Expected Credit Loss (“ECL’) model for measurement and recognition of impairment loss on the financial assets measured at amortized cost and debt instruments measured at FVOCI.

Loss allowances on trade receivables are measured following the ‘simplified approach’ at an amount equal to the lifetime ECL at each reporting date. In respect of other financial assets such as debt securities and bank balances, the loss allowance is measured at 12 month ECL only if there is no significant deterioration in the credit risk since initial recognition of the asset or asset is determined to have a low credit risk at the reporting date.

1.20. Financial Liabilities

1.20.1. Initial recognition and measurement

Financial liabilities are initially recognised when the Corporation becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

Financial liability is initially measured at fair value plus, for an item not at fair value through profit and loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to its acquisition or issue.

1.20.2. Subsequent measurement

Subsequent measurement is determined with reference to the classification of the respective financial liabilities.

Financial Liabilities at Fair Value through Profit or Loss (FVTPL)

A financial liability is classified as at Fair Value through Profit or Loss (FVTPL) if it is classified as held-for-trading or is designated as such on initial recognition. Financial liabilities at FVTPL are measured at fair value and changes therein, including any interest expense, are recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss.

Financial Liabilities at amortized cost

After initial recognition, financial liabilities other than those which are classified as FVTPL are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest rate method.

Amortised cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The amortization done using the EIR method is included as finance costs in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.20.3. De-recognition

A financial liability is derecognised when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the de-recognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.21. Financial guarantees

Financial guarantee contracts issued by the Corporation are those contracts that require a payment to be made to reimburse the holder for a loss it incurs because the specified debtor fails to make a payment when due in accordance with the terms of the debt instrument. Financial guarantee contracts are recognised initially as a liability at fair value, adjusted for transaction costs that are directly attributable to the issuance of the guarantee. Subsequently, the liability is measured at the higher of the amount of loss allowance determined as per impairment requirements of Ind AS 109 and the fair value initially recognised less cumulative amortization.

1.22. Derivative financial instruments

The Corporation uses derivative financial instruments to manage the commodity price risk and exposure on account of fluctuation in interest rate and foreign exchange rates. Such derivative financial instruments are initially recognised at fair value on the date on which a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently measured at fair value with the changes being recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Derivatives are carried as financial assets when the fair value is positive and as financial liabilities when the fair value is negative.

1.23. Embedded derivatives

If the hybrid contract contains a host that is a financial asset within the scope of Ind-AS 109, the classification requirements contained in Ind AS 109 are applied to the entire hybrid contract. Derivatives embedded in all other host contracts, including financial liabilities are accounted for as separate derivatives and recorded at fair value if their economic characteristics and risks are not closely related to those of the host contracts and the host contracts are not held for trading or designated at fair value through profit and loss. These embedded derivatives are measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss, unless designated as effective hedging instruments. Reassessment only occurs if there is a change in the terms of the contract that significantly modifies the cash flows.

1.24. Offsetting of financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the Balance Sheet, if there is a currently enforceable legal right to offset the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, or to realise the assets and settle the liabilities simultaneously.

1.25. Taxes on Income

1.25.1. Current Tax

Income tax assets and liabilities are measured at the amount expected to be recovered from or paid to the taxation authorities. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted by the end of reporting period.

Current tax items are recognised in correlation to the underlying transaction either in the Statement of Profit and Loss, other comprehensive income or directly in equity.

1.25.2. Deferred tax

Deferred tax is provided using the Balance Sheet method on temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes at the reporting date.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable temporary differences.

Deferred tax assets are recognised for all deductible temporary differences, the carry forward of unused tax credits and any unused tax losses. Deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be utilised. Unrecognised deferred tax assets are re-assessed at each reporting date and are recognised to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profits will allow the deferred tax asset to be recovered.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the year when the asset is realised or the liability is settled, based on tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.

Deferred tax items are recognised in correlation to the underlying transaction either in the Statement of Profit and Loss, other comprehensive income or directly in equity.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

1.26. Earnings per share

1.26.1. Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends, if any, and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

1.26.2. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effect of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.27. Classification of Assets and Liabilities as Current and Non-Current:

All assets and liabilities are classified as current or non-current as per the Corporation’s normal operating cycle (determined at 12 months) and other criteria set out in Schedule III of the Act.

1.28. Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the Balance Sheet include cash at bank, cash, cheque, draft on hand and demand deposits with an original maturity of less than three months, which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

For the purpose of Statement of Cash Flows, Cash and cash equivalents include cash at bank, cash, cheque and draft on hand. The Corporation considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents.

1 .29. Cash Flows

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities are segregated.


Mar 31, 2016

BASIS FOR PREPARATION

The financial statements of the Corporation have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Corporation has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (''Act'') read with Rule (7) of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and other provisions of the Act (to the extent notified). The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis (unless otherwise stated) and under historical cost convention. The accounting policies are consistent with those used in previous year except for the policy in respect of capitalization of fixed bed catalysts referred to in para 1.2.1(c), the depreciation of Fixed Assets referred to in para 1.5.1(b), (c), (d) and (f) and valuation of inventory referred to in para 1.7.1.

1.1. USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements requires the Management of the Corporation to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and notes thereto. Differences, if any, between actual amounts and estimates are recognised in the period in which the outcome is known.

1.2. FIXED ASSETS

1.2.1. TANGIBLE FIXED ASSETS

a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of accumulated depreciation.

b) Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

c) First time procurement cost of fixed bed catalyst is capitalized as a separate ''component'' in the respective Plant and Equipment.

d) Expenditure on assets, other than plant and machinery, LPG cylinders and pressure regulators, not exceeding Rs. 1,000 per item are charged to revenue.

e) Machinery spares that are specific to a fixed asset are capitalised along with the fixed asset. Replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

f) Land acquired on lease where period of lease exceeds 99 years is treated as freehold land.

g) Land acquired on lease for 99 years or less is treated as leasehold land.

h) Expenditure during construction period: Direct expenses including borrowing cost incurred during construction period on capital projects are capitalised. Indirect expenses of the project group which are allocated to projects costing Rs. 5 crores and above are also capitalised. Crop compensation expenses incurred in the process of laying pipelines are capitalised as part of pipeline cost. Expenditure incurred during construction period on projects like electricity transmission lines, roads, culverts etc. the ownership of which is not with the Corporation are charged to revenue in the accounting period of incurrence of such expenditure.

1.2.2. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

a) Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization.

b) Cost of Right of Way which is perpetual and absolute in nature is amortised over a period of 99 years and in other cases, over its estimated useful life.

c) Expenditure incurred for creating/acquiring other intangible assets of Rs. 0.50 Crore and above, from which future economic benefits will flow over a period of time, is amortised over the estimated useful life of the asset or five years, whichever is lower, from the time the intangible asset starts providing the economic benefit. In other cases, the expenditure is charged to revenue in the year the expenditure is incurred.

1.3. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The values of tangible and intangible assets of respective Cash Generating Units are reviewed by the management for impairment at each Balance Sheet date, if events or circumstances indicate that the carrying values may not be recoverable. If the carrying value is more than higher of net selling price of the asset or present value of estimated future cash flows, the difference is recognized as an impairment loss.

1.4. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of such assets till the month in which the asset is ready for use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.5. DEPRECIATION

1.5.1. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight line basis, over the useful lives of assets (after retaining the residual value of upto 5%) as prescribed by the Schedule II of the Act, except in following cases:

a) Cost of leasehold land for lease period not exceeding 99 years, is amortised over the period of lease. Plant & Machinery at Retail Outlets (other than Storage tanks and related equipments) are depreciated over a useful life of 15 years based on the technical assessment.

b) Computer equipments are depreciated over a period of 4 years and Mobile phones are depreciated over a period of 2 years (previously 3 years) based on internal assessment. Furniture, other than computer equipments and mobile phones, provided at the residence of management staff are depreciated over a period of 7 years as per internal assessment.

c) Solar Panels are depreciated over a period of 25 years based on the technical assessment of useful life and applicable warranty conditions.

d) Moulds, used for the manufacturing of the packaging material for Lubricants, are depreciated over a period of 5 years based on technical assessment of useful life.

e) Fixed assets costing not more than Rs. 5,000 each are depreciated @ 100 percent in the year of acquisition except LPG Cylinders and Pressure Regulators which are depreciated over a useful life of 15 years based on the technical assessment.

f) Components of the main asset that are significant in value and have different useful lives as compared to the main asset are depreciated over their estimated useful life. Useful life for such components has been assessed based on historical experience and internal technical assessment.

1.5.2. Depreciation is charged on additions/deletions on pro-rata monthly basis including the month of addition/ deletion.

1.6. INVESTMENTS

1.6.1. Current investments are valued at lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

1.6.2. Long-term investments are valued at cost. Provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline, other than of temporary nature, in the value of such investments.

1.7. INVENTORIES

1.7.1 Inventories are stated at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost of inventories comprises of expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing inventories to their present location including appropriate overheads apportioned on a reasonable and consistent basis and are determined on the following basis:

a) Crude oil, traded goods and finished products other than lubricants are determined on First in First out basis

b) Other raw materials, packages, lubricants and stores and spares are determined on weighted average basis.

c) The cost of Stock-in-Process is determined at raw material cost plus cost of conversion.

1.7.2. The net realisable value of finished goods and stock in trade are based on the inter-company transfer prices and final selling prices (applicable at the location of stock) for sale to oil companies and retail consumers respectively. For the purpose of stock valuation, the proportion of sales to oil companies and retail sales are determined on all India basis and considered for stock valuation at all locations.

1.7.3. Obsolete, slow moving, surplus and defective stocks are identified at the time of physical verification of stocks and where necessary, provision is made for such stocks.

1.8. REVENUE RECOGNITION

1.8.1. Revenue is recognised when, sufficient risks and rewards incidental to ownership are transferred to the customer, it can be reliably measured and it is reasonable to expect ultimate collection.

1.8.2. Sales represents invoiced value of goods supplied net of trade discounts, and include applicable excise duty, surcharge and other elements as are allowed to be recovered as part of the price but excludes VAT/ Sales Tax. Further, it includes other elements allowed by the Government from time to time.

1.8.3. Claims including subsidy on LPG and SKO from Government of India are booked on in principle acceptance thereof on the basis of available instructions/clarifications subject to final adjustments after necessary audit, as stipulated.

1.8.4. Other claims are booked when there is a reasonable certainty of recovery.

1.8.5. Income from sale of scrap is accounted for on realization.

1.8.6. Dividend income is recognized when the Corporation''s right to receive the dividend is established.

1.8.7. Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.

1.9. CLASSIFICATION OF INCOME/EXPENSES

1.9.1. Expenditure on Research, other than capital expenditure, is charged to revenue in the year in which the expenditure is incurred.

1.9.2. Income/expenditure upto Rs. 0.05 crore in each case pertaining to prior year(s) is charged to the current year.

1.9.3. Prepaid expenses upto Rs. 0.05 crore in each case, are charged to revenue as and when incurred.

1.9.4. Deposits placed with Government agencies/local authorities which are perpetual in nature are charged to revenue in the year of payment.

1.10. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

1.10.1. Contributions to defined contribution schemes such as Pension, Superannuation, Provident Fund, etc. are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

1.10.2. The Corporation also provides for retirement/post-retirement benefits in the form of gratuity, leave encashment, post-retirement benefits and other long-term benefits. Such defined benefits are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss based on valuations made by independent actuary using the Projected Unit Credit Method, as at the Balance Sheet date.

1.10.3. Expenditure on account of Voluntary Retirement Scheme are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

1.11. DUTIES ON BONDED STOCKS

1.11.1. Customs duty on Raw materials/Finished goods lying in bonded warehouse are provided for at the applicable rates except where liability to pay duty is transferred to consignee.

1.11.2. Excise duty on finished stocks lying at manufacturing locations is provided for at the assessable value applicable at each of the locations based on end use.

1.12. FOREIGN CURRENCY & DERIVATIVE TRANSACTIONS

1.12.1. Transactions in foreign currency are accounted in the reporting currency at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

1.12.2. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet.

1.12.3. Foreign Exchange differences arising at the time of translation or settlement are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss either as Profit or Loss on Foreign Currency transactions and translations or Finance Cost, as the case may be.

1.12.4. Foreign exchange differences on long-term foreign currency monetary items relating to acquisition of depreciable assets are adjusted to the carrying cost of the assets and depreciated over the balance life of the asset and in other cases, if any, accumulated in "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortised over the balance period of the asset or liability.

1.12.5. Premium/discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contracts to hedge foreign currency risks are amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.12.6. Gains/losses arising on settlement of Derivative transactions entered into by the Corporation to manage the commodity price risk and exposures on account of fluctuations in interest rates and foreign exchange are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Provision for losses in respect of outstanding contracts as on Balance Sheet date is made based on mark to market valuations of such contracts.

1.13. GOVERNMENT GRANTS

1.13.1. When the grant relates to an expense item or depreciable fixed assets, it is recognized as income over the periods necessary to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it is intended to compensate. Grants relating to depreciable fixed assets are reflected as Capital Grants under Reserves & Surplus in Balance Sheet and recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a systematic and rational basis over the useful life of the asset.

1.13.2. Government grants of the nature of promoters'' contribution or relating to non-depreciable assets are credited to Capital Reserve in Balance Sheet.

1.14. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL COMMITMENTS

1.14.1. A provision is recognized when the Corporation has a present obligation as a result of past events; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

1.14.2. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Corporation.

1.14.3. Contingent liabilities and Capital Commitments disclosed are in respect of items which exceed Rs. 0.05 crore in each case.

1.15. TAXES ON INCOME

1.15.1. Provision for current tax is made after taking into consideration benefits admissible under the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

1.15.2. Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between book and taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date.

1.15.3. Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that the assets will be realized in future. However, in respect of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that the assets will be realized in future.

1.15.4. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets and unrecognized deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

1.16. EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends, if any, and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effect of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.17. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

Cash and cash equivalents include cash at bank, cash, cheque and draft on hand. The Corporation considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents.

1.18. CLASSIFICATION OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES AS CURRENT AND NON-CURRENT

All assets and liabilities are classified as current or non-current as per the Corporation''s normal operating cycle (determined at 12 months) and other criteria set out in Schedule III of the Act.

1.19. ACCOUNTING FOR LEASES

For operating leases, rentals are expensed with reference to lease terms and other relevant considerations.

1.20. CASH FLOWS

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities are segregated.


Mar 31, 2015

BASIS FOR PREPARATION

The financial statements of the Corporation have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Corporation has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ('Act') read with Rule (7) of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and other provisions of the Act (to the extent notified). The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis (unless otherwise stated) and under historical cost convention. The accounting policies are consistent with those used in previous year except for the policy in respect of the depreciation of Fixed Assets referred to in para 1.5.1.

1.1 USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Corporation to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and notes thereto. Differences, if any, between actual amounts and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known.

1.2 FIXED ASSETS

1.2.1. TANGIBLE FIXED ASSETS

a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of accumulated depreciation.

b) Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

c) First time procurement cost of catalyst is capitalized along with the project cost and the cost of subsequent replacements are charged off in the year of issuance to consumption.

d) Expenditure on assets, other than plant and machinery, LPG cylinders and pressure regulators, not exceeding Rs. 1,000 per item are charged to revenue.

e) Machinery spares that are specific to a fixed asset are capitalised along with the fixed asset. Replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

f) Land acquired on lease where period of lease exceeds 99 years is treated as freehold land.

g) Expenditure during construction period: Direct expenses including borrowing cost incurred during construction period on capital projects are capitalised. Indirect expenses of the project group which are allocated to projects costing Rs. 5 crores and above are also capitalised. Crop compensation expenses incurred in the process of laying pipelines are capitalised as part of pipeline cost. Expenditure incurred during construction period on projects like electricity transmission lines, roads, culverts etc. the ownership of which is not with the Corporation are charged to revenue in the accounting period of incurrence of such expenditure.

1.2.2. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

a) Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization.

b) Cost of Right of Way which is perpetual and absolute in nature is amortised over a period of 99 years and in other cases, over its estimated useful life.

c) Expenditure incurred for creating/acquiring other intangible assets of Rs. 0.50 Crore and above, from which future economic benefits will flow over a period of time, is amortised over the estimated useful life of the asset or five years, whichever is lower, from the time the intangible asset starts providing the economic benefit. In other cases, the expenditure is charged to revenue in the year the expenditure is incurred.

1.3 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The values of tangible and intangible assets of respective Cash Generating Units are reviewed by the management for impairment at each Balance Sheet date, if events or circumstances indicate that the carrying values may not be recoverable. If the carrying value is more than higher of net selling price of the asset or present value of estimated future cash flows, the difference is recognized as an impairment loss.

1.4 BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of such assets till the month in which the asset is ready for use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.5 DEPRECIATION

1.5.1. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight line basis, over the useful lives of assets (after retaining the residual value of upto 5% ) as prescribed by the Schedule II of the Act, except in following cases:

a) Premium paid for acquiring leasehold land for lease period not exceeding 99 years, is amortised over the period of lease.

b) Plant & Machinery at Retail Outlets (other than Storage tanks and related equipments) are depreciated over a useful life of 15 years based on the technical assessment.

c) Computer equipments are depreciated over a period of 4 years and Mobile phones are depreciated over a period of 3 years based on internal assessment. Furniture, other than computer equipments and mobile phones, provided at the residence of management staff are depreciated over a period of 7 years as per internal assessment.

d) Fixed assets costing not more than Rs. 5,000 each are depreciated at 100 percent in the year of acquisition except LPG Cylinders and Pressure Regulators which are depreciated over a useful life of 15 years based on the technical assessment.

1.5.2. Depreciation is charged on addition / deletion on pro-rata monthly basis including the month of addition / deletion.

1.6 INVESTMENTS

1.6.1. Current investments are valued at lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

1.6.2. Long-term investments are valued at cost. Provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline, other than of temporary nature, in the value of such investments.

1.7 INVENTORY

1.7.1. Inventories are stated at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on weighted average basis (determined on periodical basis as appropriate) and comprises of expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing inventories to their present location including appropriate overheads apportioned on a reasonable and consistent basis.

1.7.2. The net realizable value of finished goods and stock-in-trade are based on the inter-company transfer prices and final selling prices (applicable at the location of stock) for sale to oil companies and retail consumers respectively. For the purpose of stock valuation, the proportion of sales to oil companies and retail sales are determined on all India basis and considered for stock valuation at all locations.

1.7.3. The cost of Stock-in-Process is determined at raw material cost plus cost of conversion.

1.7.4. Obsolete, slow moving, surplus and defective stocks are identified at the time of physical verification of stocks and where necessary, provision is made for such stocks.

1.8 REVENUE RECOGNITION

1.8.1. Revenue is recognised when, sufficient risks and rewards incidental to ownership are transferred to the customer, it can be reliably measured and it is reasonable to expect ultimate collection.

1.8.2. Sales represents invoiced value of goods supplied net of trade discounts, and include applicable excise duty, surcharge and other elements as are allowed to be recovered as part of the price but excludes VAT / Sales Tax. Further, it includes other elements allowed by the Government from time to time.

1.8.3. Claims including subsidy on LPG and SKO from Government of India are booked on in principle acceptance thereof on the basis of available instructions/clarifications subject to final adjustments after necessary audit, as stipulated.

1.8.4. Other claims are booked when there is a reasonable certainty of recovery. Claims are reviewed on a periodical basis and if recovery is uncertain, provision is made in the accounts.

1.8.5. Income from sale of scrap is accounted for on realisation.

1.8.6. Dividend income is recognized when the Corporation's right to receive the dividend is established.

1.8.7. Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.

1.9. CLASSIFICATION OF INCOME/EXPENSES

1.9.1. Expenditure on Research, other than capital expenditure, is charged to revenue in the year in which the expenditure is incurred.

1.9.2. Income/expenditure upto Rs. 0.05 crore in each case pertaining to prior year(s) is charged to the current year.

1.9.3. Prepaid expenses upto Rs. 0.05 crore in each case, are charged to revenue as and when incurred.

1.9.4. Deposits placed with Government agencies/ local authorities which are perennial in nature are charged to revenue in the year of payment.

1.10. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

1.10.1. Contributions to defined contribution schemes such as Pension, Superannuation, Provident Fund, etc. are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

1.10.2. The Corporation also provides for retirement / post-retirement benefits in the form of gratuity, leave encashment, post retirement benefits and other long term benefits. Such defined benefits are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss based on valuations made by independent actuary using the Projected Unit Credit Method, as at the Balance Sheet date.

1.10.3. Expenditure on account of Voluntary Retirement Scheme are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

1.11. DUTIES ON BONDED STOCKS

1.11.1. Customs duty on Raw materials/Finished goods lying in bonded warehouse are provided for at the applicable rates except where liability to pay duty is transferred to consignee.

1.11.2. Excise duty on finished stocks lying at manufacturing locations is provided for at the assessable value applicable at each of the locations based on end use.

1.12. FOREIGN CURRENCY & DERIVATIVE TRANSACTIONS

1.12.1. Transactions in foreign currency are accounted in the reporting currency at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

1.12.2. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet.

1.12.3. Foreign Exchange differences arising at the time of translation or settlement are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss either as Profit or Loss on Foreign Currency transactions and translations or Finance Cost, as the case may be.

1.12.4. However, foreign exchange differences on long term foreign currency monetary items relating to acquisition of depreciable assets are adjusted to the carrying cost of the assets and depreciated over the balance life of the asset and in other cases, if any, accumulated in "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortised over the balance period of the asset or liability.

1.12.5. Premium/discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contracts to hedge foreign currency risks are amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.12.6. Gains / losses arising on settlement of Derivative transactions entered into by the Corporation to manage the commodity price risk and exposures on account of fluctuations in interest rates and foreign exchange are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Provision for losses in respect of outstanding contracts as on Balance Sheet date is made based on mark to market valuations of such contracts.

1.13. GOVERNMENT GRANTS

1.13.1. When the grant relates to an expense item or depreciable fixed assets, it is recognized as income over the periods necessary to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it is intended to compensate. Grants relating to depreciable fixed assets are reflected as Capital Grants under Reserves & Surplus in Balance Sheet and recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a systematic and rational basis over the useful life of the asset.

1.13.2. Government grants of the nature of promoters' contribution or relating to non-depreciable assets are credited to Capital Reserve in Balance Sheet.

1.14. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL COMMITMENTS

1.14.1. A provision is recognized when the Corporation has a present obligation as a result of past events; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

1.14.2. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Corporation.

1.14.3. Capital commitments and Contingent liabilities disclosed are in respect of items which exceed Rs. 0.05 crore in each case.

1.15. TAXES ON INCOME

1.15.1. Provision for current tax is made after taking into consideration benefits admissible under the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

1.15.2. Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between book and taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date.

1.15.3. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that the assets will be realized in future. However, in respect of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, the deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that the assets will be realized in future.

1.15.4. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets and unrecognized deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

1.16. EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity share holders (after deducting preference dividends, if any, and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effect of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.17. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

Cash and cash equivalents include cash at bank and on hand. The Corporation considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents.

1.18. CLASSIFICATION OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES AS CURRENT AND NON-CURRENT:

All assets and liabilities are classified as current or non-current as per the Corporation's normal operating cycle (determined at 12 months) and other criteria set out in Schedule III of the Act.

1.19. ACCOUNTING FOR LEASES

For operating leases, rentals are expensed with reference to lease terms and other relevant considerations.

1.20. CASH FLOW

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities are segregated.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1. BASIS FOR PREPARATION

The financial statements of the Corporation have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Corporation has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (which continue to be applicable in respect of section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13th September 2013, issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs). The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis (unless otherwise stated) and under historical cost convention. The accounting policies are consistent with those used in previous year except for the policy in respect of depreciation on computer equipments and mobile phones provided at the residence of management staff referred to in para 1.6.1 (c).

1.2. USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Corporation to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and notes thereto. Differences, if any, between actual amounts and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known.

1.3. FIXED ASSETS

1.3.1. TANGIBLE FIXED ASSETS

a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of accumulated depreciation.

b) Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

c) First time procurement cost of catalyst is capitalized along with the project cost and the cost of subsequent replacements are charged off in the year of issuance to consumption.

d) Expenditure on assets, other than plant and machinery, LPG cylinders and pressure regulators, not exceeding Rs. 1,000 per item are charged to revenue.

e) Machinery spares that are specific to a fixed asset are capitalised along with the fixed asset. Replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

f) Land acquired on lease where period of lease exceeds 99 years is treated as freehold land.

g) Expenditure during construction period : Direct expenses including borrowing cost incurred during construction period on capital projects are capitalised. Indirect expenses of the project group which are allocated to projects costing Rs. 5 crores and above are also capitalised. Crop compensation expenses incurred in the process of laying pipelines are capitalised as part of pipeline cost. Expenditure incurred during construction period on projects like electricity transmission lines, roads, culverts etc. the ownership of which is not with the Corporation are charged to revenue in the accounting period of incurrence of such expenditure.

1.3.2 INTANGIBLE ASSETS

a) Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization.

b) Cost of Right of Way which is perpetual and absolute in nature is amortised over a period of 99 years and in other cases, over its estimated useful life.

c) Expenditure incurred for creating/acquiring other intangible assets of Rs. 0.50 Crore and above, from which future economic benefits will flow over a period of time, is amortised over the estimated useful life of the asset or five years, whichever is lower, from the time the intangible asset starts providing the economic benefit. In other cases, the expenditure is charged to revenue in the year the expenditure is incurred.

1.4. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The values of tangible and intangible assets of respective Cash Generating Units are reviewed by the management for impairment at each Balance Sheet date, if events or circumstances indicate that the carrying values may not be recoverable. If the carrying value is more than higher of net selling price of the asset or present value of estimated future cash flows, the difference is recognized as an impairment loss.

1.5. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of such assets till the month in which the asset is ready for use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.6. DEPRECIATION

1.6.1. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided under the straight line method, at rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except in following cases:

a) Premium paid for acquiring leasehold land for lease period not exceeding 99 years, is amortised over the period of lease.

b) Fixed assets costing not more than Rs. 5,000 each, LPG cylinders and pressure regulators are depreciated at 100 percent in the year of acquisition.

c) Computer equipments are depreciated over a period of 4 years. Mobile phones are depreciated over a period of 3 years. Furniture, other than computer equipments and mobile phones, provided at the residence of management staff is depreciated over a period of 7 years.

d) Paver Blocks and Canopy capitalised under Buildings are depreciated based on the estimated useful life of 30 years.

1.6.2. Depreciation is charged on addition / deletion on pro-rata monthly basis including the month of addition / deletion.

1.7. INVESTMENTS

1.7.1. Current investments are valued at lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

1.7.2. Long-term investments are valued at cost. Provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline, other than of temporary nature, in the value of such investments.

1.8. INVENTORY

1.8.1. Inventories are stated at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on weighted average basis (determined on periodical basis as appropriate) and comprises of expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing inventories to their present location including appropriate overheads apportioned on a reasonable and consistent basis.

1.8.2. The net realizable value of finished goods and stock-in-trade are based on the inter-company transfer prices and final selling prices (applicable at the location of stock) for sale to oil companies and retail consumers respectively. For the purpose of stock valuation, the proportion of sales to oil companies and retails sales are determined on all India basis and considered for stock valuation at all locations.

1.8.3. The cost of Stock-in-Process is determined at raw material cost plus cost of conversion.

1.8.4. Obsolete, slow moving, surplus and defective stocks are identified at the time of physical verification of stocks and where necessary, provision is made for such stocks.

1.9. REVENUE RECOGNITION

1.9.1. Revenue is recognised when, sufficient risks and rewards incidental to ownership are transferred to the customer, it can be reliably measured and it is reasonable to expect ultimate collection.

1.9.2. Sales represents invoiced value of goods supplied net of trade discounts, and include applicable excise duty, surcharge and other elements as are allowed to be recovered as part of the price but excludes VAT / Sales Tax. Further, it includes other elements allowed by the Government from time to time.

1.9.3. Claims including subsidy on LPG and SKO from Government of India are booked on in principle acceptance thereof on the basis of available instructions/clarifications subject to final adjustments after necessary audit, as stipulated.

1.9.4. Other claims are booked when there is a reasonable certainty of recovery. Claims are reviewed on a periodical basis and if recovery is uncertain, provision is made in the accounts.

1.9.5. Income from sale of scrap is accounted for on realisation.

1.9.6. Dividend income is recognized when the Corporation''s right to receive the dividend is established.

1.9.7. Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.

1.10. CLASSIFICATION OF INCOME / EXPENSES

1.10.1. Expenditure on Research, other than capital expenditure, is charged to revenue in the year in which the expenditure is incurred.

1.10.2. Income/expenditure upto Rs. 0.05 crore in each case pertaining to prior year(s) is charged to the current year.

1.10.3. Prepaid expenses upto Rs. 0.05 crore in each case, are charged to revenue as and when incurred.

1.10.4. Deposits placed with Government agencies / local authorities which are perennial in nature are charged to revenue in the year of payment.

1.11. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

1.11.1. Contributions to defined contribution schemes such as Pension, Superannuation, Provident Fund, etc. are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

1.11.2. The Corporation also provides for retirement / post-retirement benefits in the form of gratuity, leave encashment, post retirement benefits and other long term benefits. Such defined benefits are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss based on valuations made by independent actuary using the Projected Unit Credit Method, as at the Balance Sheet date.

1.11.3. Expenditure on account of Voluntary Retirement Scheme are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

1.12. DUTIES ON BONDED STOCKS

1.12.1. Customs duty on Raw materials / Finished goods lying in bonded warehouse are provided for at the applicable rates except where liability to pay duty is transferred to consignee.

1.12.2. Excise duty on finished stocks lying at manufacturing locations is provided for at the assessable value applicable at each of the locations based on end use.

1.13. FOREIGN CURRENCY & DERIVATIVE TRANSACTIONS

1.13.1. Transactions in foreign currency are accounted in the reporting currency at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

1.13.2. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet.

1.13.3. Foreign Exchange differences arising at the time of translation or settlement are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss either as Profit or Loss on Foreign Currency transactions and translations or Finance Cost, as the case may be.

1.13.4. However, foreign exchange differences on long term foreign currency monetary items relating to acquisition of depreciable assets are adjusted to the carrying cost of the assets and depreciated over the balance life of the asset and in other cases, if any, accumulated in "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortised over the balance period of the asset or liability.

1.13.5. Premium / discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contracts to hedge foreign currency risks are amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts arerecognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.13.6. Gains / losses arising on settlement of Derivative transactions entered into by the Corporation to manage the commodity price risk and exposures on account of fluctuations in interest rates and foreign exchange are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Provision for losses in respect of outstanding contracts as on Balance Sheet date is made based on mark to market valuations of such contracts.

1.14. GOVERNMENT GRANTS

1.14.1. When the grant relates to an expense item or depreciable fixed assets, it is recognized as income over the periods necessary to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it is intended to compensate. The grant relating to future years are treated as Deferred Income and reflected as Capital Reserve in Balance Sheet.

1.14.2. Government grants of the nature of promoters'' contribution or relating to non-depreciable assets are credited to Capital Reserve in Balance Sheet.

1.15. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL COMMITMENTS

1.15.1. A provision is recognized when the Corporation has a present obligation as a result of past events; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

1.15.2.Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Corporation.

1.15.3.Capital commitments and Contingent liabilities disclosed are in respect of items which exceed Rs. 0.05 crore in each case.

1.16. TAXES ON INCOME

1.16.1.Provision for current tax is made after taking into consideration benefits admissible under the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

1.16.2.Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between book and taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date.

1.16.3.The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that the assets will be realized in future. However, in respect of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, the deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that the assets will be realized in future.

1.16.4.The carrying amount of deferred tax assets and unrecognized deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

1.17. EARNINGS PER SHARE

1.17.1 Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity share holders (after deducting preference dividends, if any, and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

1.17.2 For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effect of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.18. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

Cash and cash equivalents include cash at bank and on hand. The Corporation considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents.

1.19. CLASSIFICATION OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES AS CURRENT AND NON-CURRENT

All assets and liabilities are classified as current or non-current as per the Corporation''s normal operating cycle (determined at 12 months) and other criteria set out in Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956.

1.20. ACCOUNTING FOR LEASES

For operating leases, rentals are expensed with reference to lease terms and other relevant considerations.

2. SHARE CAPITAL

iii The Corporation has only one class of shares namely equity shares having a par value of Rs. 10 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. In the event of liquidation of the Corporation, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive the remaining assets of the Corporation in proportion to the number of equity shares held.

The Corporation declares and pays dividend in Indian Rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

iv During the period ended 31st March 2014, proposed dividend per share is Rs. 17 (previous year Rs. 11). The total dividend appropriation for the year ended 31st March 2014 amounted to Rs. 1,425.82 crores (previous year Rs. 922.86 crores) including Corporate Dividend Tax of Rs. 196.58 crores (previous year Rs. 127.47 crores)

v During Financial Year 2012-13, the Corporation had issued Bonus Shares in the ratio of 1:1 by capitalisation of General Reserve. The total number of Bonus Shares issued is 36,15,42,124 equity shares having face value of Rs. 10 each.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 BASIS FOR PREPARATION

The financial statements of the Corporation have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Corporation has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis (unless otherwise stated) and under historical cost convention. The accounting policies are consistent with those used in previous year except for the policy in respect of amortisation of Right of Way referred to in para 1.3.(ii) (b) and depreciation on Paver blocks and Canopy referred to in para 1.6 (d).

1.2 USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Corporation to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and notes thereto. Differences, if any, between actual amounts and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known.

1.3 FIXED ASSETS

i) TANGIBLE FIXED ASSETS

a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of accumulated depreciation.

b) Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

c) Expenditure on assets, other than plant and machinery, LPG cylinders and pressure regulators, not exceeding Rs. 1,000 per item are charged to revenue.

d) Machinery spares that are specific to a fixed asset are capitalised along with the fixed asset. Replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

e) Land acquired on lease where period of lease exceeds 99 years is treated as freehold land.

f) Expenditure during construction period: Direct expenses including borrowing cost incurred during construction period on capital projects are capitalised. Indirect expenses of the project group are also capitalised and (which are allocated to projects costing Rs. 5 crores and above). Crop compensation expenses incurred in the process of laying pipelines are capitalised as part of pipeline cost. Expenditure incurred during construction period on projects like electricity transmission lines, roads, culverts etc. the ownership of which is not with the Corporation are charged to revenue in the accounting period of incurrence of such expenditure.

ii) INTANGIBLE ASSETS

a) Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation.

b) Cost of right of way is amortised over the period of 99 years as it is perpetual and absolute in nature.

c) Expenditure incurred for creating/acquiring other intangible assets of Rs. 0.50 crores and above, from which future economic benefits will flow over a period of time, is amortised over the estimated useful life of the asset or five years, whichever is lower, from the time the intangible asset starts providing the economic benefit.

d) In other cases, the expenditure is charged to revenue in the year the expenditure is incurred.

1.4 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The values of tangible and intangible assets of respective Cash Generating Units are reviewed by the management for impairment at each Balance Sheet date, if events or circumstances indicate that the carrying values may not be recoverable. If the carrying value is more than the net selling price of the asset or present value, the difference is recognised as an impairment loss.

1.5 BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets till the month in which the asset is ready for use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.6 DEPRECIATION

i. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided under the straight line method, at rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except in following cases :

a) Premium paid for acquiring leasehold land for lease period not exceeding 99 years, is amortised over the period of lease.

b) Fixed assets costing not more than Rs. 5,000 each, LPG cylinders and pressure regulators are depreciated @ 100 percent in the year of acquisition.

c) Computer equipments and peripherals, and mobile phones are depreciated over a period of four years. Furniture provided at the residence of management staff is depreciated over a period of seven years.

d) Paver Blocks and Canopy capitalised under Buildings are depreciated based on the estimated useful life of 30 years.

ii. Depreciation is charged on addition / deletion on pro-rata monthly basis including the month of addition / deletion.

1.7 INVESTMENTS

i. Current investments are valued at lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

ii. Long-term investments are valued at cost. Provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline, other than of temporary nature, in the value of such investments.

1.8 INVENTORY

i. Inventories are stated at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on weighted average basis and comprises of expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing inventories to their present location including appropriate overheads apportioned on a reasonable and consistent basis.

ii. The net realisable value of finished goods and stock in trade are based on the inter-Company transfer prices and final selling prices (applicable at the location of stock) for sale to oil companies and retail consumers respectively. For the purpose of stock valuation, the proportion of sales to oil companies and retail sales are determined on all India basis and considered for stock valuation at all locations.

iii. The cost of Stock-in-Process is determined at raw material cost plus cost of conversion.

iv. Obsolete, slow moving, surplus and defective stocks are identified at the time of physical verification of stocks and where necessary, provision is made for such stocks.

1.9 REVENUE RECOGNITION

i. Sales represents invoiced value of goods supplied net of trade discounts, and include applicable excise duty, surcharge and other elements as are allowed to be recovered as part of the price but excludes VAT / Sales Tax. Further, it includes other elements allowed by the Government from time to time.

ii. Claims including subsidy on LPG and SKO from Government of India are booked on in principle acceptance thereof on the basis of available instructions/clarifications subject to final adjustments after necessary audit, as stipulated.

iii. Other claims are booked when there is a reasonable certainty of recovery. Claims are reviewed on a periodical basis and if recovery is uncertain, provision is made in the accounts.

iv. Income from sale of scrap is accounted for on realisation.

v. Dividend income is recognised when the Corporation''s right to receive the dividend is established.

vi. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.

1.10 CLASSIFICATION OF INCOME/EXPENSES

i. Expenditure on Research, other than capital expenditure, is charged to revenue in the year in which the expenditure is incurred.

ii. Income/expenditure upto Rs. 0.05 crore in each case pertaining to prior year(s) is charged to the current year.

iii. Prepaid expenses upto Rs. 0.05 crore in each case, are charged to revenue as and when incurred.

iv. Deposits placed with Government agencies/ local authorities which are perennial in nature are charged to revenue in the year of payment.

1.11 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i. Contributions to defined contribution schemes such as Pension, Superannuation, Provident Fund, etc. are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

ii. The Corporation also provides for retirement/ post-retirement benefits in the form of gratuity, leave encashment, post retirement benefits and other long term benefits. Such defined benefits are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss based on valuations made by independent actuaries using the Projected Unit Credit Method, as at the balance sheet date.

iii. Payments made under Voluntary Retirement Scheme are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

1.12 DUTIES ON BONDED STOCKS

i. Customs duty on Raw materials/Finished goods lying in bonded warehouse are provided for at the applicable rates except where liability to pay duty is transferred to consignee.

ii. Excise duty on finished stocks lying in bond is provided for at the assessable value applicable at each of the locations at maximum rates based on end use.

1.13 FOREIGN CURRENCY & DERIVATIVE TRANSACTIONS

i. Transactions in foreign currency are accounted in the reporting currency at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

ii. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet.

iii. Foreign Exchange differences arising at the time of translation or settlement are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss either under foreign exchange fluctuation or interest, as the case may be.

iv. However, foreign exchange differences on long term foreign currency monetary items relating to acquisition of depreciable assets are adjusted to the carrying cost of the assets and depreciated over the balance life of the asset and in other cases, if any, accumulated in "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortised over the balance period of the asset or liability.

v. Premium/discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contracts to hedge foreign currency risks are amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

vi. Gains / losses arising on settlement of Derivative transactions entered into by the Corporation to manage the commodity price risk and exposures on account of fluctuations in interest rates and foreign exchange are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Provision for losses in respect of outstanding contracts as on balance sheet date is made based on mark to market valuations of such contracts.

1.14 GOVERNMENT GRANTS

i. When the grant relates to an expense item or depreciable fixed assets, it is recognised as income over the periods necessary to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it is intended to compensate. The grant relating to future years are treated as Deferred Income and reflected as Capital Reserve in Balance Sheet.

ii. Government grants of the nature of promoters'' contribution or relating to non-depreciable assets are credited to capital reserve and treated as a part of shareholders'' funds.

1.15 PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL COMMITMENTS

i. A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past events; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

ii. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Corporation.

iii. Capital commitments and Contingent liabilities disclosed are in respect of items which exceed Rs. 0.05 crore in each case.

1.16 TAXES ON INCOME

i. Provision for current tax is made after taking into consideration benefits admissible under the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

ii. Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between book and taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date.

iii. The deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that the assets will be realized in future. However, in respect of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, the deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that the assets will be realized in future.

iv. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets and unrecognised deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date.

1.17 EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends, if any, and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effect of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 BASIS FOR PREPARATION

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis (unless otherwise stated) and under historical cost convention. The accounting policies are consistent with those used in previous year except for the policy in respect of foreign exchange differences referred to in para 1.13.iv.

1.2 USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the company to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and notes thereto. Differences, if any, between actual amounts and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known.

1.3 FIXED ASSETS

i) TANGIBLE FIXED ASSETS

a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of accumulated depreciation.

b) Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

c) Expenditure on assets, other than plant and machinery, LPG cylinders and pressure regulators, not exceeding Rs. 1,000 per item are charged to revenue.

d) Machinery spares that are specific to a fixed asset are capitalised along with the fixed asset. Replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

e) Land acquired on lease where period of lease exceeds 99 years is treated as freehold land.

f) Expenditure during construction period: Direct expenses including borrowing cost incurred during construction period on capital projects are capitalised. Indirect expenses of the project group which are allocated to projects costing Rs. 5 crores and above are also capitalised. Crop compensation expenses incurred in the process of laying pipelines are capitalised. Expenditure incurred generally during construction period of projects on assets like electricity transmission lines, roads, culverts etc. the ownership of which is not with the company are charged to revenue in the accounting period of incurrence of such expenditure.

ii) INTANGIBLE ASSETS

a) Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation.

b) Cost of right of way that is perennial in nature is not amortised as no finite useful life can be identified for the same.

c) Expenditure incurred for creating/acquiring other intangible assets of Rs. 0.50 crores and above, from which future economic benefits will flow over a period of time, is amortised over the estimated useful life of the asset or five years, whichever is lower, from the time the intangible asset starts providing the economic benefit.

d) In other cases, the expenditure is charged to revenue in the year the expenditure is incurred.

1.4 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The values of tangible and intangible assets of respective Cash Generating Units are reviewed by the management for impairment at each Balance Sheet date, if events or circumstances indicate that the carrying values may not be recoverable. If the carrying value is more than the net selling price of the asset or present value, the difference is recognised as an impairment loss.

1.5 BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets till the month in which the asset is ready for use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.6 DEPRECIATION

i. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided under the straight line method, at rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except in following cases :

a) Premium paid for acquiring leasehold land for lease period not exceeding 99 years, is amortised over the period of lease.

b) Fixed assets costing not more than Rs. 5,000 each, LPG cylinders and pressure regulators are depreciated @ 100 percent in the year of acquisition.

c) Computer equipment and peripherals, and mobile phones are depreciated over a period of 4 years. Furniture provided at the residence of management staff is depreciated over a period of seven years.

ii. Depreciation is charged on addition / deletion on pro-rata monthly basis including the month of addition / deletion.

1.7 INVESTMENTS

i. Current investments are valued at lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

ii. Long-term investments are valued at cost. Provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline, other than of temporary nature, in the value of such investments.

1.8 INVENTORY

i. Inventories are stated at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on weighted average basis and comprises of expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing inventories to their present location including appropriate overheads apportioned on a reasonable and consistent basis.

ii. The net realisable value of finished goods and stock in trade are based on the inter-company transfer prices and final selling prices (applicable at the location of stock) for sale to oil companies and retail consumers respectively. For the purpose of stock valuation, the proportion of oil companies sales and retail sales are determined on all India basis and this is considered for stock valuation at all locations.

iii. Stock-in-process is valued at raw material cost plus cost of conversion.

iv. Obsolete, slow moving, surplus and defective stocks are identified at the time of physical verification of stocks and where necessary, provision is made for such stocks.

1.9 REVENUE RECOGNITION

i. Sales represents invoiced value of goods supplied net of trade discounts, and include applicable excise duty, surcharge and other elements as are allowed to be recovered as part of the price but excludes VAT / Sales Tax. Further, it includes other elements allowed by the Government from time to time.

ii. Claims including subsidy on LPG and SKO from Government of India are booked on ' in principle acceptance' thereof on the basis of available instructions/clarifications subject to final adjustments after necessary audit, as stipulated.

iii. Other claims are booked when there is a reasonable certainty of recovery. Claims are reviewed on a periodical basis and if recovery is uncertain, provision is made in the accounts.

iv. Income from sale of scrap is accounted for on realisation.

v. Dividend income is recognised when the company's right to receive the dividend is established.

vi. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.

1.10 CLASSIFICATION OF INCOME / EXPENSES

i. Expenditure on Research, other than capital expenditure, is charged to revenue in the year in which the expenditure is incurred.

ii. Income/expenditure upto Rs. 0.05 crore in each case pertaining to prior years is charged to the current year.

iii. Prepaid expenses upto Rs. 0.05 crore in each case, are charged to revenue as and when incurred.

iv. Deposits placed with Government agencies/ local authorities which are perennial in nature are charged to revenue in the year of payment.

1.11 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i. Contributions to defined contribution schemes such as Pension, Superannuation, Provident Fund, etc. are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

ii. The Company also provides for retirement/ post-retirement benefits in the form of gratuity, leave encashment, post retirement benefits and other long term benefits. Such defined benefits are charged to the Profit and Loss account based on valuations made by independent actuaries using the Projected Unit Credit Method, as at the balance sheet date.

iii. Payments made under Voluntary Retirement Scheme are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.12 DUTIES ON BONDED STOCKS

i. Customs duty on Raw materials/Finished goods lying in bonded warehouse are provided for at the applicable rates except where liability to pay duty is transferred to consignee.

ii. Excise duty on finished stocks lying in bond is provided for, at the assessable value applicable at each of the locations at maximum rates based on end use.

1.13 FOREIGN CURRENCY & DERIVATIVE TRANSACTIONS

i. Transactions in foreign currency are accounted in the reporting currency at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

ii. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet.

iii. Foreign Exchange differences arising at the time of translation or settlement are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit & Loss either under foreign exchange fluctuation or interest, as the case may be.

iv. However, foreign exchange differences on long term foreign currency monetary items relating to acquisition of depreciable assets are adjusted to the carrying cost of the assets and depreciated over the balance life of the asset and in other cases, if any, accumulated in "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortised over the balance period of the asset or liability.

v. Premium / discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contracts to hedge foreign currency risks are amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

vi. Gains / losses arising on settlement of Derivative transactions entered into by the Corporation to manage the commodity price risk and exposures on account of fluctuations in interest rates and foreign exchange are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Provision for losses in respect of outstanding contracts as on balance sheet date is made based on mark to market valuations of such contracts.

1.14 GOVERNMENT GRANTS

i. When the grant relates to an expense item or depreciable fixed assets, it is recognised as income over the periods necessary to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it is intended to compensate. The grant relating to future years are treated as Deferred Income and reflected as Capital Reserve in Balance Sheet.

ii. Government grants of the nature of promoters' contribution or relating to non depreciable assets are credited to capital reserve and treated as a part of shareholders' funds.

1.15 PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL COMMITMENTS

i. A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past events; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

ii. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Corporation.

iii. Capital commitments and Contingent liabilities disclosed are in respect of items which exceed Rs. 0.05 crore in each case.

1.16 TAXES ON INCOME

i. Provision for current tax is made after taking into consideration benefits admissible under the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

ii. Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between book and taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date.

iii. The deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that the assets will be realised in future. However, in respect of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, the deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that the assets will be realised in future.

iv. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets and unrecognised deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date.

1.17 EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity share holders (after deducting preference dividends, if any, and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effect of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Mar 31, 2011

1. BASIS FOR PREPARATION

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention to comply in all material aspects with the mandatory Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006 and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, adopting accrual system of accounting unless otherwise stated.

2. USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and notes thereto. Differences between actual amounts and estimates are recognised in the period in which they materialise.

3. FIXED ASSETS

3.1 LAND

Land acquired on lease where period of lease exceeds 99 years is treated as freehold.

3.2 FIXED ASSETS OTHER THAN LAND

3.2.1. Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition (including incidental expenses) less accumulated depreciation.

3.2.2 Expenditure on assets, other than plant and machinery, LPG cylinders and pressure regulators, not exceeding Rs 1,000 per item is charged to revenue.

3.2.3 Machinery spares that are specific to a fixed asset are capitalised along with the fixed asset. Replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

3.3 EXPENDITURE DURING CONSTRUCTION PERIOD

Direct expenses including borrowing cost incurred during construction period on capital projects are capitalised. Indirect expenses of the project group which are allocated to projects costing Rs 5 crores and above are also capitalised. Crop compensation expenses incurred in the process of laying pipelines are capitalised. Expenditure incurred generally during construction period of projects on assets like electricity transmission lines, roads, culverts etc. the ownership of which is not with the Company are charged to revenue in the accounting period of incurrence of such expenditure.

3.4 INTANGIBLE ASSETS

3.4.1 Cost of right of way that is perennial in nature is not amortised.

3.4.2 Expenditure incurred for creating/acquiring other intangible assets of Rs 0.50 crores and above, from which future economic benefits will flow over a period of time, is amortised over the estimated useful life of the asset or five years, whichever is lower, from the time the intangible asset starts providing the economic benefit.

3.4.3 In other cases, the expenditure is charged to revenue in the year the expenditure is incurred.

4. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The values of fixed assets in respect of Cash Generating Units are reviewed by the management for impairment at each Balance Sheet date if events or circumstances indicate that the carrying values may not be recoverable. If the carrying value is more than the net selling price of the asset or present value, the difference is recognized as an impairment loss.

5. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs attributable to acquisition, construction or production of qualifying asset are capitalised as part of the cost of that asset, till the month in which the asset is ready for use. Other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which these are incurred.

6. DEPRECIATION

6.1 Depreciation on fixed assets is provided under the straight line method, at rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except in following cases:

6.1.1. Premium paid for acquiring leasehold land for lease period not exceeding 99 years, is amortised over the period of lease.

6.1.2. LPG cylinders, pressure regulators and other fixed assets costing not more than Rs 5,000 each are depreciated @ 100 percent in the year of capitalisation.

6.1.3. Computer equipments and peripherals, and mobile phones are depreciated over a period of 4 years. Furniture provided at the residence of management staff is depreciated over a period of seven years.

6.2 Depreciation is charged on addition / deletion on pro-rata monthly basis including the month of addition / deletion.

7. INVESTMENTS

7.1 Current investments are valued at lower of cost or fair market value.

7.2 Long-term investments are valued at cost. Provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than of temporary nature, in the value of such investments.

8. INVENTORY

8.1. Raw material and Intermediates are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is lower. Cost is determined as follows:

8.1.1. Raw materials on weighted average cost. Purchased raw materials in transit are carried at cost.

8.1.2. Intermediate Stocks at raw material cost plus cost of conversion.

8.2. Finished products are valued at weighted average cost or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

8.3. Stores are valued at weighted average cost. Obsolete stores are valued at Rs Nil. Slow moving stores/ other materials identified as surplus and no longer usable are valued at Rs Nil.

8.4. Packages are valued at weighted average cost or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

9. REVENUE RECOGNITION

9.1. Sales are net of trade discounts and include, inter alia, excise / customs duties / claim from Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell, Government of India and other elements allowed by the Government from time to time.

9.2 Claims/Surrenders including subsidy on LPG and SKO on/to Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell, Government of India are booked on 'in principle acceptance' thereof on the basis of available instructions/ clarifications subject to final adjustments after necessary audit, as stipulated. Adjustments if any, on completion of audit are recognised.

9.3. Other claims are booked when there is a reasonable certainty of recovery. Claims are reviewed on a periodical basis and if recovery is uncertain, provision is made in the accounts.

9.4. Income from sale of scrap is accounted for on realisation.

10. CLASSIFICATION OF INCOME/EXPENSES

10.1. Expenditure on Research, other than capital expenditure, is charged to revenue in the year in which the expenditure is incurred.

10.2. Income/expenditure upto Rs 0.05 crore in each case pertaining to prior years is charged to the current year.

10.3. Prepaid expenses upto Rs 0.05 crore in each case, are charged to revenue as and when incurred.

10.4. Deposits placed with Government agencies/ local authorities which are perennial in nature are charged to revenue in the year of payment.

11. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

11.1. Contributions to Provident Fund for the year are recognised in the Profit & Loss Account. Liability towards superannuation benefits is charged to the Profit & Loss Account.

11.2. The liability towards gratuity, leave encashment, post retirement benefits and other long term benefits are provided for in the accounts based on actuarial valuation as at the end of the year. To determine the present value of the defined benefit obligations and the current and past service costs, the Projected Unit Credit Method is used. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Profit & Loss Account as income or expense.

12. DUTIES ON BONDED STOCKS

12.1. Customs duty on Raw materials/Finished goods lying in bond are provided for at the applicable rates except where liability to pay duty is transferred to consignee.

12.2. Excise duty on finished stocks lying in bond is provided for, at the assessable value applicable at each of the locations at maximum rates based on end use.

13. FOREIGN CURRENCY & DERIVATIVE TRANSACTIONS

13.1. Transactions in foreign currency are accounted at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

13.2. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet.

13.3. Foreign Exchange differences arising at the time of translation or settlement are recognised as income or expense in the Profit & Loss Account either under foreign exchange fluctuation or interest as the case may be.

Premium/discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge foreign currency risks are amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the Profit & Loss Account.

13.4. Gains / losses arising on settlement of Derivative transactions entered into by the Corporation to manage the commodity price risk and exposures on account of fluctuations in interest rates and foreign exchange are recognised in the Profit & Loss Account. Provision for losses in respect of outstanding contracts as on balance sheet date is made based on mark to market valuations of such contracts.

14. GOVERNMENT GRANTS

14.1. In case of depreciable assets, the cost of the asset is shown at gross value and grant thereon is taken to Capital Reserve as deferred income, which is recognised in the Profit & Loss Account over the useful life of the asset.

14.2. Government grants of the nature of promoters' contributions are credited to Capital Reserve and treated as part of Shareholders' Funds.

15. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL COMMITMENTS

15.1. Provision is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

15.2. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Corporation.

15.3. Capital commitments and Contingent liabilities disclosed are in respect of items which exceed Rs 0.05 crore in each case.

15.4. Contingent liabilities are considered only on conversion of show cause notices issued by various Government authorities into demand.

16. TAXES ON INCOME

16.1. Provision for current tax is made in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

16.2. Deferred tax on account of timing difference between taxable and accounting income is provided using the tax rates and tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

16.3. Deferred tax assets are not recognised unless, in the management judgement there is a virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.


Mar 31, 2010

1. BASIS FOR PREPARATION

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention to comply in all material aspects with the mandatory Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006 and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, adopting accrual system of accounting unless otherwise stated.

2. USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and notes thereto. Differences between actual amounts and estimates are recognised in the period in which they materialise.

3. FIXED ASSETS 3.1 LAND

Land acquired on lease where period of lease exceeds 99 years is treated as freehold.

3.2. FIXED ASSETS OTHER THAN LAND

3.2.1. Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition (including incidental expenses) less accumulated depreciation.

3.2.2. Expenditure on assets, other than plant and machinery, LPG cylinders and pressure regulators, not exceeding Rs.1,000 per item is charged to revenue.

3.2.3. Machinery spares that are specific to a fixed asset are capitalised along with the fixed asset. Replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

3.3. EXPENDITURE DURING CONSTRUCTION PERIOD

Direct expenses including borrowing cost incurred during construction period on capital projects are capitalised. Indirect expenses of the project group which are allocated to projects costing Rs. 5 crores and above are also capitalised. Crop compensation expenses incurred in the process of laying pipelines are capitalised.

3.4. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

3.4.1. Cost of right of way that is perennial in nature is not amortised.

3.4.2. Expenditure incurred for creating/acquiring other intangible assets of Rs. 0.50 crores and above, from which future economic benefits will flow over a period of time, is amortised over the estimated useful life of the asset or five years, whichever is lower, from the time the intangible asset starts providing the economic benefit.

3.4.3. In other cases, the expenditure is charged to revenue in the year the expenditure is incurred.

4. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The values of fixed assets in respect of Cash Generating Units are reviewed by the management for impairment at each Balance Sheet date if events or circumstances indicate that the carrying values may not be recoverable. If the carrying value is more than the net selling price of the asset or present value, the difference is recognized as an impairment loss.

5. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs attributable to acquisition, construction or production of qualifying asset are capitalised as part of the cost of that asset, till the month in which the asset is ready for use. Other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which these are incurred.

6. DEPRECIATION

6.1. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided under the straight line method, at rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except in following cases:

6.1.1. Premium paid for acquiring leasehold land for lease period not exceeding 99 years, is amortised over the period of lease.

6.1.2. LPG cylinders, pressure regulators and other fixed assets costing not more than Rs 5,000 each are depreciated @ 100 percent in the year of capitalisation.

6.1.3. Assets not owned by the Corporation are amortised over a period of five years from the year of capitalisation.

6.1.4. Computer equipments and peripherals, and mobile phones are depreciated over a period of four years. Furniture provided at the residence of management staff is depreciated over a period of seven years.

6.2. Depreciation is charged on addition / deletion on pro-rata monthly basis including the month of addition / deletion.

7. INVESTMENTS

7.1. Current investments are valued at lower of cost or fair market value.

7.2. Long-term investments are valued at cost. Provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than of temporary nature, in the value of such investments.

8. INVENTORY

8.1. Raw material and Intermediates are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is lower. Cost is determined as follows:

8.1.1. Raw materials on weighted average cost. Purchased raw materials in transit are carried at cost.

8.1.2. Intermediate Stocks at raw material cost plus cost of conversion.

8.2. Finished products are valued at weighted average cost or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

8.3. Stores are valued at weighted average cost. Obsolete stores are valued at Re. Nil. Slow moving stores/ other materials identified as surplus and no longer usable are valued at Re. Nil.

8.4. Packages are valued at weighted average cost or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

9. REVENUE RECOGNITION

9.1. Sales are net of trade discounts and include, inter alia, excise / customs duties / claim from Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell, Government of India and other elements allowed by the Government from time to time

9.2. Claims/Surrenders including subsidy on LPG and SKO on/to Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell, Government of India are booked on `in principle acceptance’ thereof on the basis of available instructions/clarifications subject to final adjustments after necessary audit, as stipulated. Adjustments if any, on completion of audit are recognised.

9.3. Other claims are booked when there is a reasonable certainty of recovery. Claims are reviewed on a periodical basis and if recovery is uncertain, provision is made in the accounts.

9.4. Income from sale of scrap is accounted for on realisation.

10. CLASSIFICATION OF INCOME/EXPENSES

10.1. Expenditure on Research, other than capital expenditure, is charged to revenue in the year in which the expenditure is incurred.

10.2. Income/expenditure upto Rs. 0.05 crore in each case pertaining to prior years is charged to the current year.

10.3. Prepaid expenses upto Rs. 0.05 crore in each case, are charged to revenue as and when incurred.

10.4. Deposits placed with Government agencies/ local authorities which are perennial in nature are charged to revenue in the year of payment.

11. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

11.1. Contributions to Provident Fund for the year are recognised in the Profit & Loss Account.

11.2. The liability towards gratuity, leave encashment, post retirement benefits and other long term benefits are provided for in the accounts based on actuarial valuation as at the end of the year. To determine the present value of the defined benefit obligations and the current and past service costs, the Projected Unit Credit Method is used. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Profit & Loss Account as income or expense.

12. DUTIES ON BONDED STOCKS

12.1. Customs duty on Raw materials/Finished goods lying in bond are provided for at the applicable rates except where liability to pay duty is transferred to consignee.

12.2. Excise duty on finished stocks lying in bond is provided for, at the assessable value applicable at each of the locations at maximum rates based on end use.

13. FOREIGN CURRENCY & DERIVATIVE TRANSACTIONS

13.1. Transactions in foreign currency are accounted at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

13.2. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet.

13.3. Foreign Exchange differences arising at the time of translation or settlement are recognised as income or expense in the Profit & Loss Account either under foreign exchange fluctuations or interest as the case may be.

Premium/discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge foreign currency risks are amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the Profit & Loss Account.

13.4. Gains / losses arising on settlement of Derivative transactions entered into by the Corporation to manage the commodity price risk and exposures on account of fluctuations in interest rates and foreign exchange are recognised in the Profit & Loss Account. Provision for losses in respect of outstanding contracts as on balance sheet date is made based on mark to market valuations of such contracts.

14. GOVERNMENT GRANTS

14.1. In case of depreciable assets, the cost of the asset is shown at gross value and grant thereon is taken to Capital Reserve as deferred income, which is recognised in the Profit & Loss Account over the useful life of the asset.

14.2. Government grants of the nature of promoters’ contributions are credited to Capital Reserve and treated as part of Shareholders’ Funds.

15. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL COMMITMENTS

15.1. Provision is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

15.2. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Corporation.

15.3. Capital commitments and Contingent liabilities disclosed are in respect of items which exceed Rs.0.05 crores in each case.

15.4. Contingent liabilities are considered only on conversion of show cause notices issued by various Government authorities into demand.

16. TAXES ON INCOME

16.1. Provision for current tax is made in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

16.2. Deferred tax on account of timing difference between taxable and accounting income is provided using the tax rates and tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

16.3. Deferred tax assets are not recognised unless, in the management judgement there is a virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

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